It consists of a literary dissertation based on one or more of the works studied during the year.
The subject deals with an issue to be dealt with by a precise knowledge of the works and more generally, by calling on all the knowledge acquired (knowledge of literary genres and history, further reading, reconciliation with other forms of artistic expression …}.
Method and steps of work
Overall, the method is not fundamentally different from the one applied for argumentative topics.
- Draft working stage
- Analyze the subject
- ensure that the literal meaning of the statement is understood;
- identify the theme of the statement (delimit the area of argumentation);
- identify the thesis contained in the statement (define key words and essential logical articulations)
- identify the problem (the essential questions raised by the statement).
- Two main categories of questions
- Open question (answer yes or no)
- Invitation to debate, to deliberate: involves a concessive plan in two parts (thesis, antithesis)
- Concession relationship between the thesis (certainly) and the antithesis (but)
- Closed question
- Implicit thesis, presupposed in the question: it is necessary to develop the thesis
- Thematic plan / comment that results from the search for arguments
- Search arguments and examples
- the body of texts
- the texts studied in 1st or 2nd
- personal readings
- possibly refer to other forms of artistic expression if the subject lends itself to it (cinema …)
the arguments must be relevant (it is not a question of saying everything you know about a work or a genre but to answer a question)
the examples must belong to the studied works concerned by the subject or the genre or at the time defined by him.
Order these arguments and examples in a detailed plan.
The test plan must have two or three parts; relations between the different parties may be complementary (commentary plan) or concession (dialectical plan). In the latter case, it is distinguished from the discussion only by the theme.
The essential remains the progression of the test from one part to the other as well as within each part and the balance between the parts ž progression of the more or less obvious
The arguments put forward must be accompanied by examples analyzed and commented on.
Remember that this is to convince the reader.
Write the introduction and the conclusion
The introduction includes three moments
entry into matter:
- Resituate the historical or literary context and announce the theme of the dissertation
- statement of the subject and the problem:
- Ask the subject’s statement and reformulate the problem
- If quoted, take it back entirely or partially (keywords)
- announcement of the plan
- Open question: antithesis thesis
- Closed question: large parts of the comment plan
- Do not detail the arguments in the draft
The conclusion counts two
recapitulation: short summary of the main arguments
clear and precise answer to the question asked
Drafting of the assignment
The principles are the same as for any argumentation.
Two reminders are needed, however
make transitions between the parties;
rigorously construct paragraphs respecting their unity of meaning.
Some tips for writing
- important presentation: to make appear the parts by jumping lines
- to make paragraphs inside the parts (unit of time and meaning, paragraphs)
- mark the progression by the use of connection words
- make it simple: first, then, finally
- to make transitions from one part to the other (especially between thesis and antithesis)
- be precise in references and examples:
- quote precisely the name of the author and the work (underlined title)
- analyze the example, do not just quote it
- do not bother to tell a whole book: remember from the example what comes to prove the idea advanced
- to treat the quality and the rigor of the expression.