The dissertation: methodology and advice

The dissertation must be dealt with after the corpus questions (4 points in general series and 6 points in technological series). Indeed, these last provide key leads for the dissertation (but also for the comment or the subject of invention).

Proposal research – Series: Tray 1, general and technological series.

On 16 points in general series.

On 14 points in technological series.

The dissertation covers all the texts of the corpus but also the broader knowledge of the candidate (texts and works studied in class and / or personal readings). To write an essay is to discuss a subject, by adopting different points of view (2 or 3 axes), in a reasoned development which will be based on precise and developed examples.

The course:

  • PHASE 1: analyze the quote in depth.
  • PHASE 2: search for examples and constitution of the detailed plan to the draft.
  • PHASE 3: writing the introduction to the draft (do not forget the problem).
  • PHASE 4: Own writing of introduction, development and conclusion.
  • PHASE 5: Re-read and correct yourself.

1) Analysis of the subject in the draft
-Identify the theme (s) of the subject. eg, theater and performance, novel and reality, etc.

  • To highlight the keywords of the subject: to annotate them to understand them (synonyms, antonyms, associations of ideas) and especially to envisage their polysemy (the different possible senses) in order to not forget any track.

TIP: In the draft, rewrite the subject by skipping lines, highlight the keywords and annotate them between the lines.

-Be attentive to the formulation of the question: if we can answer yes or no = critical plan, otherwise the plan is thematic.

-Formulate the guiding ideas of the major axes (2 or 3 large parts) that result from the previous analysis: this will be demonstrated in each of the axes of the assignment (I, II, III). Beware of III which must not be a combination of I + II (risk of repetition).

2) Which plan to choose?
-The critical or dialectical plan: for the subjects with possible answer by yes / no

I) Thesis (go to the direction of the quotation) / II) Antithesis (refute the quotation) / III) Synthesis (overcoming the opposition by an original idea that approaches the question differently). The order can be swapped: I) Antithesis (going against the quotation) / II) Thesis (abound in the meaning of the quote) / III) Synthesis.

Example of a subject: “Is comedy only used to make the viewer laugh?”

-The thematic plan: for the questions that encourage to make a list of thematic answers (which do not oppose)

Example of topic: “Why is representation essential for theater?”

3) Introduction
STEP 1: the entry into matter. Escaping clichés as “Since always, men read novels”. It is better to begin with a more precise cultural or historical anchorage, such as: “The novel is the only genre that Aristotle did not define in his Poetics, which explains his disavowal for many centuries.”

  • STEP 2: the problem: we can ask ourselves if / how + to quote the subject (without the instructions).
  • STEP 3: announce the plan (the main axes only) Ex .: First, we will consider (I), then (II), and finally (III).

4) Development
-The duty develops in 2 or 3 main axes, themselves subdivided into subparts (between 2 and 4 §). Reminder: 1 subpart = 1 single paragraph (no return to the line for each example).

-The subpart is an argumented paragraph composed:

a) an argument (conversion of the title into a sentence);

(b) some specific examples that prove this argument. Each example must be presented and contextualized (author and title) but also rigorously explained and developed in the sense of the initial argument (the guiding idea of the subpart, the title). It is therefore necessary to select only what is used to prove your guiding idea and not be tempted to make a general analysis of the work chosen as an example! (which would be equivalent to an off topic).

-Finish each subpart by a partial conclusion.

-See the transitions between the axes at the beginning of axis II (summary I + announcement II) and axis III (summary II + announcement III); between the subparts but also within the paragraph, between the examples that are to be linked together. The demonstration must progress logically and each element follows from the previous one.

5) The conclusion
Start with a conclusive connector: Ultimately.

-Step 1: summarize the general reflection (assessment I / II / III) + answer the problem

  • STEP 2: open to another genre, another art (painting, cinema, music) or another close questioning.

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