The text commentary: methodology and tips

It is subject to treatment after the corpus questions (4 points in general series and 6 points in technological series) because these last provide important tracks for the long exercise (commentary or dissertation or invention).

During the early exam at the end of the first year, you will have the choice between several subjects, one of which is a subject accompanied by a body of documents. The purpose of the dissertation is to allow the candidate to conduct a personal reflection and to argue and / or deliberate.

You must defend your point of view, support it, explore the opposite point of view, and fly over a whole notion or theme with the texts of the corpus.

Practical advice on the dissertation
We offer some practical advice to put all the chances on your side to make your essay at best:

  • Make a “clean” and clear assignment by making many paragraphs, separating well your parts by jumping lines and especially avoiding erasures
  • Always spend 10 minutes at the end of your essay to re-read and correct any errors or omissions of words
  • Do not recite your course and especially in the introduction. Avoid telling the author’s life except if it relates to the subject.
  • Examine and set each word of the subject to avoid anything off topic.
  • Ask yourself about it! By asking you questions about the subject, you will easily deduce a problem
  • Remember to give one or more example (s) per argument. And, one argument per paragraph! You can take examples from texts in annexes or from your personal readings
  • The traditional plan of a dissertation is: thesis – antithesis – synthesis
  • Avoid the plan of the type “yes” “no”

Writing of the dissertation

The drafting of the assignment is divided into 3 parts: the construction of the introduction, the development and the conclusion:

  • The introduction: it consists of 3 parts: the primer (presentation of the subject), the announcement of the problem and finally, the announcement of the plan
  • Development: Develop your ideas into large parts and subparts. You will have to skip a line in each subpart and two lines to go to a large part. Then you have to make transition sentences between each major part. In these sentences, you will summarize briefly what you have just developed and you will announce what you will develop in the next part.
  • The conclusion: Here, you will show how you answered your problem and summarize the answers you gave. Then, you can propose an opening in the form of a question to try to go further in the subject.

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